Issue Archives

Introduction Evidence compellingly demonstrates—as Congress famously recog­nized in Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA)—that children from economically disadvantaged backgrounds require more educational resources than other students. Yet, a half century later, many school districts still spend less money on high-poverty schools than on more privileged schools. In 2011, a […]

Introduction The Constitution protects us from criminal conviction unless the state can prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. However, after defining reasonable doubt, many trial courts will then instruct jurors “to search for the truth” of what they think really happened. Defendants have argued that such truth-related language reduces the state’s burden of proof to […]

In the 1932 case Gebardi v. United States, the Supreme Court held that the failure of a statute to punish a party necessary to the commission of the proscribed conduct reflected an affirmative legislative policy to leave such party unpunished. As such, the Court declined to use the conspiracy statute to frustrate Congress’s grant of immunity. In doing so, the Court carved out an exception to the federal conspiracy statute: an exception...

CAUSING COPYRIGHT

Shyamkrishna Balganesh*

Copyright protection attaches to an original work of expression the moment it is created and fixed in a tangible medium. Yet modern copyright law contains no viable mechanism by which to examine whether someone is causally responsible for the creation and fixation of the work. Whenever the issue of causation arises, copyright law relies on its preexisting doctrinal devices to resolve the issue, in the process cloaking its intuitions about causation...

The Supreme Court’s 2014 decision in Fifth Third Bancorp v. Dudenhoeffer rejected a long-held presumption in the U.S. circuit courts that fiduciaries of employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) act prudently in investing in company stock. Instead, the Supreme Court held, ESOP fiduciaries should be subject to the same duty of pru­dence as all ERISA fiduciaries, leaving ESOP fiduciaries vulnerable to plaintiffs testing the new standard.

To...