Contemporary scholarship and jurisprudence concerning the Constitution’s separation of powers is characterized by sharp disagreement about general theory and specific outcomes. The leading theories diverge on how to model the motives of institutional actors; on how to weigh text, history, doctrine, and norms; and on whether to characterize the separation of powers system as abiding in a stable equilibrium or as enthralled by transformative[...]
Until recently, the Supreme Court interpreted the Federal Power Act (FPA) to draw an impermeable boundary between the jurisdiction of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and those of state public utility commissions. But the Court’s recent decisions in FERC v. Electric Power Supply Association (EPSA) and Hughes v. Talen Energy Marketing, LLC appear to relax the formalistic test traditionally used to resolve[...]
This Note assesses First Amendment freedom of speech claims with regard to online civil rights testing. Transactions that have conventionally occurred in person are now more often completed online, and providers transacting online have been increasingly using algorithms that synthesize users’ data. While these algorithms are helpful tools, they may also be yielding discriminatory results, whether intentionally or unintentionally.